Morrison was raised in a Christian home, but his interests in the occult and Native American culture influenced his spirituality, creating a unique worldview. Morrison considered himself a shaman but in all reality, his penchant for drink, drugs and women made him more of an Epicurean.
Morrison was a hippie and a man of his time. He didn't involve himself much in traditional politics but certainly lived a free--and one might say liberal--lifestyle.
James Douglas Morrison (Jim Morrison) was born in Melbourne, Florida and died in Paris, France of heart failure. He grew up in a Christian military family who moved around a lot and, as a result, Morrison's education and religious upbringing was fragmented and disconnected.
Morrison often spoke about one particular incident in his childhood that seems to have dramatically influences his religions views. His family was traveling along a desert road when they stumbled across a horrible car accident where numerous Native Americans had died (Morrison's family disputes this story, by the way). Morrison said:
That was the first time I tasted fear. I must have been about four… The reaction I get now thinking about it, looking back is that the souls of the ghosts of those dead Indians, maybe one or two of them were just running around freaking out, and just leaped into my soul. And they're still in there.
This experience manifested itself in Morrison the artist during his shows when he would often "channel" a Native American shaman on stage, performing Native American dances and chanting.
Beyond that, Morrison's spirituality was a fragmented, almost desperate searching for something to cling to. He dabbled in the occult, even participating in a "witch wedding" at one point.
Val Kilmer, who thoroughly researched Jim Morrison for his roll in the Oliver Stone film, The Doors, said of Jim:
He had a sincere search. He may have chosen some of the wrong tools, but I think he tried to keep open an avenue of hope through spirituality. But I also think he was a bit of a cop-out because he was deathly frightened of committing to a practice, a condition, a way to behave, something to live for or live out of. I think ,cool, was very important to him.
Religious imagery fills Morrison's lyrics and poems, ranging from general spirituality to Christian to Native American themes. For example:
O great creator of being, grant us one more hour to, perform our art, and perfect our lives. The moths & atheists are doubly divine, & dying, We live, we die, and death not ends it.
In his own words, Morrison said that religion is "a bunch of bullshit," and that "religion is what you think about and work at most." If that's the case, Morrison's real religion was drinking, drugs, women, music, and words.
The reign of the Lizard King
Politically, Morrison was riding the social forces of his time. He was a hippie, a mouthpiece for the anti-establishment movement. His life was an exercise in the unorthodox. He exposed himself on stage at one point, all but publicly promoted drug use, and was under investigation by the FBI at the orders of President Nixon–who seemed to think all anti-establishment figures were after him personally.
Morrison spoke out against the war in Vietnam through his music. One great example is the song "Five to One."
In short, he was seriously liberal, even off-the-charts liberal. Much of his focus was sort of "out of this world" and the political movements of his time and place were probably secondary in his mind. Still, his "live and let live" attitude would probably be reminiscent of libertarianism or progressive liberalism.