Judy Garland was born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota and grew up in Lancaster, California and Los Angeles, California. She died at the age of 47 in London, England of an accidental drug overdose in 1969.
Garland's parents were both devout, however her father was well-known to have been gay and his sexual advances toward young, male parishioners in Grand Rapids are considered to be the reason the family relocated to California. Furthermore, Garland's maternal grandfather was a vocal agnostic and was known to broadcast his non-belief.
Two of Garland's five husbands were Jewish, indicating that she didn't feel obligated to marry within the Episcopalian faith–or even Christianity for that matter. And when she spoke of God and religion, (which was quite rare) she seemed apprehensive. You can listen here to her being interviewed on the topic. When asked if she was a religious girl, after a long pause, she said:
I'm not a fanatically religious… do you mean, do I believe in God? Of course I believe in God.
But it's obvious she was happy when the interviewer changed the subject. My view is that she wasn't terribly religious–marginally spiritual perhaps. What do you readers think?
A liberal ahead of her time
Garland was a lifelong, and relatively active, Democrat. She was a member of the Hollywood Democratic committee and a financial as well as moral supporter of various liberal causes during her lifetime–including the Civil Rights movement. And she gave money to the campaigns of Democrats Franklin D. Roosevelt, Henry Wallace, Adlai Stevenson, John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy.
She is now an icon to the gay community. There's no explicit support from her of gay rights (though her father was gay) but when she was asked later in her career what she thought about having so many gay fans, she said:
I couldn't care less. I sing to people.
Despite socially liberal leanings, Garland was certainly no feminist. She was explicit that men must lead women through their lives because women are insecure (in her mind). She once pleaded to men:
Don't yeild your leadership. Don't hand us the reins.
It seemed deep–a part of her personal philosophy of life. However, it could be interpreted as Garland's own insecurity and loneliness She often admitted to being lonely, craving a man's love and even attempting suicide. Perhaps only she needed guidance, not all women–though we can't speak for Garland.